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Forbes PAG, Nitschke JP, Hochmeister N, Kalenscher T, Lamm C (2024). No effects of acute stress on monetary delay discounting: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Neurobiology of Stress 31: 100653. pdf

Kalenscher T (2024) Wortgewandt - Der Podcast aus Düsseldorf (Podcast in German). Click here to listen.



Seidisarouei M, Schäble S, van Wingerden M, Trossbach SV, Korth C, Kalenscher T (2023) 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations do not signal social anhedonia in transgenic DISC1 rats. Brain Behav: e2984. pdf

Forbes PAG, Chaliani I, Schilbach L, Kalenscher T (2023) Autistic adults show enhanced generosity to socially distant others. Autism:1-11. pdf



Zech MP, Schable S, Kalenscher T (2022) Discounting of Future Rewards and Punishments in Rats. eNeuro 9. pdf


Noguer-Calabús I, Schäble S, Kalenscher T (2022) Lesions of nucleus accumbens shell abolish socially transmitted food preferences. Eur J Neurosci 10.1111/ejn.15827. pdf


Nitsch FJ, Lüpken LM, Lüschow N, Kalenscher T (2022) On the reliability of individual economic rationality measurements. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 119:e2202070119. pdf

Seidisarouei D, Schäble S, van Wingerden M, Trossbach S, Korth C, Kalenscher T (2022) Social anhedonia as a Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1-dependent phenotype. Sci Rep 12:10182. pdf

Sellitto M, Kalenscher T (2022) Variations in progesterone and estradiol across the menstrual cycle predict generosity toward socially close others. Psychoneuroendocrinology 140:105720. pdf
--> This paper was selected as the Editor's Choice of Psychoneuroendocrinology in June 2022.

van Wingerden M, Kalenscher T (2022) Choice Behavior. In: Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience (Jaeger D, Jung R, eds), pp 723-735. New York, NY: Springer. pdf

van Wingerden M, Kalenscher T (2022) Decision-Making, Bias. In: Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience (Jaeger D, Jung R, eds), pp 1130-1135. New York, NY: Springer. pdf



Nitsch F, Kalenscher T (2021) Influence of memory processes on choice consistency. Royal Society Open Science 8:200308. pdf

Sellitto M, Neufang S, Schweda A, Weber B, Kalenscher T (2021) Arbitration between insula and temporoparietal junction subserves framing-induced boosts in generosity during social discounting. NeuroImage, 238, 118211. pdf

Seidisarouei D, van Gurp S, Pranic NM, Noguer Calabus I, van Wingerden M, Kalenscher T (2021) Distinct Profiles of 50 kHz Vocalizations Differentiate Between Social Versus Non-social Reward Approach and Consumption. Front Behav Neurosci 15:693698. pdf


Nitsch FJ, Sellitto M, Kalenscher T (2021) The effects of acute and chronic stress on choice consistency. Psychoneuroendocrinology 131:105289. pdf

Nitsch F, Sellitto M, Kalenscher T (2021) Trier social stress test and food-choice: Behavioral, self-report & hormonal data. Data in Brief 37:107245. pdf

Studer B., Timm A., Sahakian B., Kalenscher T., Knecht S (2021). A decision-neuroscientific intervention to improve cognitive recovery after stroke. Brain. pdf

Hu Y, van Wingerden M, Sellitto M, Schäble S, Kalenscher T (2021) Anterior Cingulate Cortex Lesions Abolish Budget Effects on Effort-Based Decision-Making in Rat Consumers. J Neurosci 41:4448-4460. pdf

Löbner S, Gamerschlag T, Kalenscher T, Schrenk M, Zeevat H (2021) Concepts, Frames and Cascades in Semantics, Cognition and Ontology. Cham: Springer Nature. pdf

Kalenscher T, Schönfeld L, Löbner S, Wöhr M, van Berkel M, Zech M, van Wingerden M (2021) Rat ultrasonic vocalizations as social reinforcers – implications for a multilevel model of the cognitive representation of action and rats' social world. In: Concepts, Frames and Cascades in Semantics, Cognition and Ontology. (Löbner S GT, Kalenscher T, Schrenk M, Zeevat H, ed). Cham: Springer Nature. pdf

Löbner S, Gamerschlag T, Kalenscher T, Schrenk M, Zeevat H (2021) Introduction. In: Concepts, Frames and Cascades in Semantics, Cognition and Ontology. (Löbner S, Gamerschlag T, Kalenscher T, Schrenk M, Zeevat H, eds). Cham: Springer Nature. pdf



Schönfeld LM, Schäble S, Zech MP, Kalenscher T (2020) 5-HT1A receptor agonism in the basolateral amygdala increases mutual-reward choices in rats. Sci Rep 10:16622. pdf

Kalenscher T (2020) Social Neuroscience: How the Brain Attends to the Joys and Pains of Others. Current Biology 30:R1076-R1078. pdf

van Gurp S, Hoog J, Kalenscher T, van Wingerden M Vicarious reward unblocks associative learning about novel cues in male rats. eLife 9:e60755. pdf

Schweda A, Margittai Z, Kalenscher T (2020) Acute stress counteracts framing-induced generosity boosts in social discounting in young healthy men. Psychoneuroendocrinology 121. pdf

Pläschke RN, Patil KR, Cieslik EC, Nostro AD, Varikuti DP, Plachti A, Lösche P, Hoffstaedter F, Kalenscher T, Langner R, Eickhoff SB (2020) Age differences in predicting working memory performance from network-based functional connectivity. Cortex 132: 441-459. pdf

Neufang S, Akhrif A (2020) Regional Hurst Exponent Reflects Impulsivity-Related Alterations in Fronto-Hippocampal Pathways Within the Waiting Impulsivity Network. Front Physiol 11:1-9. pdf

Kiesow H, Dunbar RIM, Kable J, Kalenscher T, Vogeley K, Schilbach L, Marquand AF, Wiecki TV, Bzdok D (2020) 10,000 social brains: Sex differentiation inhuman brain anatomy. Sci Adv 6:eaaz1170. pdf

Reuter N, Genon S, Kharabian Masouleh S, Hoffstaedter F, Liu X, Kalenscher T, Eickhoff SB, Patil KR (2020) CBPtools: a Python package for regional connectivity-based parcellation. Brain Struct Funct..pdf

Li Z, Yu H, Zhou Y, Kalenscher T, Zhou X (2020) Guilty by association: How group-based (collective) guilt arises in the brain. NeuroImage 209:1-13. pdf



Schweda A, Faber NS, Crockett MJ, Kalenscher T (2019) The effects of psychosocial stress on intergroup resource allocation. Sci Rep 9:18620. pdf

Kalenscher T (2019) Cognitive Neuroscience: No gain, much pain. Current Biology 29:918-920. pdf

Archambault C, Kalenscher T, De Laat J (2019) Generosity and livelihoods: experimental evidence on the multidimensional nature of sharing among the Kenyan Maasai. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making. pdf

Schönfeld LM, Zech MP, Schable S, Wohr M, Kalenscher T (2019) Lesions of the rat basolateral amygdala reduce the behavioral response to ultrasonic vocalizations. Behav Brain Res:112274.pdf


Oberließen L, Kalenscher T (2019) Social and Non-social Mechanisms of Inequity Aversion in Non-human Animals. Front Behav Neurosci 13:1-11. pdf

Studer B, Koch C, Knecht S, Kalenscher T (2019) Conquering the inner couch potato: precommitment is an effective strategy to enhance motivation for effortful actions. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 374:20180131. pdf


Kalenscher T (2019) Die Neurobiologie der Urteilsfindung. Oder: Was hat das Frühstück mit richterlichen Entscheidungen zu tun? Betrifft Justiz 137: 27-35. For reprint, please contact .



Kalenscher T (2018) Die Neurobiologie der Urteilsfindung. Justice - Justiz - Giustizia 3:1-13. pdf


Margittai Z, Van Wingerden M, Schnitzler A, Joels M, Kalenscher T (2018) Dissociable roles of glucocorticoid and noradrenergic activation on social discounting. Psychoneuroendocrinology 90:22-28. pdf


Margittai Z, Nave G, Van Wingerden M, Schnitzler A, Schwabe L, Kalenscher T (2018) Combined Effects of Glucocorticoid and Noradrenergic Activity on Loss Aversion. Neuropsychopharmacology 43:334-341. pdf


Seinstra M, Sellitto M, Kalenscher T (2018) Rate maximization and hyperbolic discounting in human experiential intertemporal decision making. Behavioral Ecology. 29(1):193-203. pdf


Camilleri JA, Muller VI, Fox P, Laird AR, Hoffstaedter F, Kalenscher T, Eickhoff SB (2018) Definition and characterization of an extended multiple-demand network. NeuroImage 165:138-147. pdf


Hernandez-Lallement J, van Wingerden M, Kalenscher T (2018) Towards an animal model of callousness. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 91:121-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.12.029 & pdf



Soutschek A, Burke CJ, Beharelle AR, Schreiber R, Weber SC, Karipidis I, ten Velden J, Weber B, Haker H, Kalenscher T, Tobler PN (2017) The dopaminergic reward system underpins gender differences in social preferences  Nature Human Behaviour. Online Publication. pdf


Pläschke RN et al. (2017) On the integrity of functional brain networks in schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, and advanced age: Evidence from connectivity-based single-subject classification. Hum Brain Mapp. Published online ahead of print. pdf


Schönfeld, L. M., Jahanshahi, A., Lemmens, E., Bauwens, M., Hescham, S. A., Schipper, S., ... & Temel, Y. Motor cortex stimulation does not lead to functional recovery after experimental cortical injury in rats. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 1-11.


Kalenscher T (2017) Social psychology: love thy stranger as thyself. Nature Human Behaviour 04:Article no. 0108. pdf


Soutschek A., Ugazio G., Crockett M. J., Ruff C. C., Kalenscher T., Tobler P. N. (2017) Binding oneself to the mast: stimulating frontopolar cortex enhances precommitment. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. Published online ahead of print. pdf


Hernandez-Lallement J, van Wingerden M, Schable S, Kalenscher T (2017) A Social Reinforcement Learning Hypothesis of Mutual Reward Preferences in Rats. Curr Top Behav Neurosci 30:159-176. get the paper here



Soutschek A., Ruff C. C., Strombach T.,  Kalenscher T., Tobler P. N. (2016). Brain stimulation reveals crucial role of overcoming self-centeredness in self-control. Science Advances. 2(10). e1600992. Llnk


Strombach T., Margittai Z., Gorczyca B., Kalenscher T. (2016). Gender-Specific Effects of Cognitive Load on Social Discounting. PLoS One. 11:e0165289. Link


Seinstra, M., Wojtecki, L., Storzer, L., Schnitzler, A., & Kalenscher, T. (2016). No effect of subthalamic deep brain stimulation on intertemporal decision making in Parkinson patients. eneuro, ENEURO-0019. Llnk


Lange-Asschenfeldt, C., Schäble, S., Suvorava, T., Fahimi, E. G., Bisha, M., Stermann, T., Henning, U. & Kojda, G. (2016). Effects of varenicline on alpha4-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptor expression and cognitive performance in mice. Neuropharmacology, 107, 100-110.  Link


Trossbach, S. V., Bader, V., Hecher, L., Pum, M. E., Masoud, S. T., Prikulis, I., ... Schäble, S. .... & Chwiesko, C. (2016). Misassembly of full-length Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 protein is linked to altered dopamine homeostasis and behavioral deficits. Molecular psychiatry. Link


Müller-Schiffmann, A., Herring, A., Abdel-Hafiz, L., Chepkova, A. N., Schäble, S., Wedel, D., ... & Sergeeva, O. A. (2016). Amyloid-β dimers in the absence of plaque pathology impair learning and synaptic plasticity. Brain, awv355.  Link


Oberließen L, Hernandez-Lallement J, Schäble S, van Wingerden M, Seinstra M, Kalenscher T (2016) Inequity aversion in rats, Rattus norvegicus. Anim Behav 115:157-166.  Link


Margittai Z, Nave G, Strombach T, Van Wingerden M, Schwabe L, Kalenscher T (2016) Exogenous cortisol causes a shift from deliberative to intuitive thinking. Psychoneuroendocrinology 64:131-135. Link


Hernandez-Lallement, J., van Wingerden, M., Schäble, S., & Kalenscher, T. (2016). Basolateral amygdala lesions abolish mutual reward preferences in rats. Neurobiology of learning and memory, 127, 1-9. Link




Seinstra M, Grzymek K, Kalenscher T (2015) Gender-Specific Differences in the Relationship between Autobiographical Memory and Intertemporal Choice in Older Adults. PLoS One 10:e0137061. Link


Magittai Z., Strombach T., Van Wingerden M., Joels M., Schwabe L., Kalenscher T. (2015) A Friend in Need: Time-Dependent Effects of Stress on Social Discounting in Men. Hormones and Behaviour 73:75-82. Link


Van Wingerden M., Marx C., Kalenscher T. (2015). Budget constraints affect male rats' choices between differently priced commodities. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0129581. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129581 Link


Strombach T, Weber B, Hangebrauk Z, Kenning P, Karipidis, II, Tobler PN, Kalenscher T (2015) Social discounting involves modulation of neural value signals by temporoparietal junction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:1619-1624. Link


Hernandez-Lallement, Van Wingerden M., Marx C., Srejic M. , Kalenscher T. (2015) Rats prefer mutual rewards in a prosocial choice task. Frontiers in Neuroscience 8:1-9. Link



Trossbach S. V., Fehsel K., Henning U., Winterer G., Luckhaus C., Schäble S., Silva M. A., Korth C. (2014) Peripheral DISC1 protein levels as a trait marker for schizophrenia and modulating effects of nicotine. Behavioral Brain Research. 8:275C:176-182 Link


Strombach T., Jin J., Weber B., Kenning P., Shen Q., Ma Q., Kalenscher T. (2014). Charity begins at Home: Cultural Differences in Social Discounting and Generosity. Behavioral Decision Making; doi: 10.1002/bdm.1802 Link


Kalenscher T. (2014) Attitude toward health insurance in developing countries from a decision-making perspective. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology and Economics. 73:174-193 Link


Kalenscher T. (2014) Decision-Making and Neuroeconomics. In: eLS. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Link


van Wingerden M., van der Meij R., Kalenscher T., Maris E., Pennartz C. M. (2014) Phase-Amplitude Coupling in Rat Orbitofrontal Cortex Discriminates between Correct and Incorrect Decisions during Associative Learning. Journal of Neuroscience 34:493-505. Link


Hernandez Lallement J., Kuss K., Trautner P., Weber B., Falk A., Fliessbach K. (2014). Effort increases sensitivity to reward and loss magnitude in the human brain. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 9(3): 342-349. Link



Haushofer J., Cornelisse S., Seinstra M., Fehr E., Joels M., Kalenscher T. (2013) No Effects of Psychosocial Stress on Intertemporal Choice. PLoS One 8:e78597. Link


Kalenscher T., Strombach T. (2013). Die Macht der Versuchung. Gehirn und Geist 10/2013. Link


de Souza Silva MA, Lenz B, Rotter A, Biermann T, Peters O, Ramirez A, Jessen F, Maier W, Hüll M, Schröder J, Frölich L, Teipel S, Gruber O, Kornhuber J, Huston JP, Müller CP, Schäble S. (2013). Neurokinin3 receptor as a target to predict and improve learning and memory in the aged organism. PNAS; doi: 10.1073/pnas.1306884110  Link


Crockett M. J., Braams B., Clark L., Tobler P. N., Robbins T. W., Kalenscher T. (2013). Restricting temptations: neural mechanisms of precommitment. Neuron 7:391-401. Link


Vinkers C. H., Zorn J. V., Cornelisse S., Koot S., Houtepen L. C., Olivier B., Verster J. C., Kahn R. S., Boks M. P., Kalenscher T., Joels M. (2013). Time-dependent changes in altruistic punishment following stress. Psychoneutoendocrinology 38:1467-1475 Link



Van Wingerden, M. and T. Kalenscher (2012). Animal decisions - a look across the fence. Frontiers in Neuroscience 6: 142. Link


Hagen E.H., Chater N., Gallistel C.R., Houston A., Kacelnik A., Kalenscher T., Nettle D., Oppenheimer D., Stephens DW (2012). Decision Making: what can evolution do for us? In: Evolving the Mechanisms of Decision Making: Toward a Darwinian Decision Theory (Hammerstein P, Stevens JR, eds). Frankfurt a.M.: Strüngmann Forum Reports. Link

van Wingerden, M., Vinck, M., Tijms, V., Ferreira, I.R.S., Jonker, A.J., Pennartz, C.M.A. (2012). NMDA Receptors Control Cue-Outcome Selectivity and Plasticity of Orbitofrontal Firing Patterns during Associative Stimulus-Reward Learning, Neuron 76, 813-825 Link

Marx, C., Lex B., Calaminus C., Hauber W., Backes H., Neumaier B., Mies G., Graf R., Endepols H. et al. (2012). Conflict Processing in the Rat Brain: Behavioral Analysis and Functional muPET Imaging Using [F]Fluorodeoxyglucose. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 6: 4. Link



Kalenscher, T. and M. van Wingerden (2011). Why we should use animals to study economic decision making - a perspective. Frontiers in human Neuroscience 5: 82. pdf

 Vinck, M., Oostenveld, R., van Wingerden, M., Battaglia, F., & Pennartz, C. (2011). An improved index of phase-synchronization for electrophysiological data in the presence of volume-conduction, noise and sample-size bias. Neuroimage, 55(4), 1548-1565. pdf

Pennartz C.M., van Wingerden M., Vinck M. (2011). Population coding and neural rhythmicity in the orbitofrontal cortex. Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences 1239:149-161. pdf



Kalenscher, T., Tobler, P. N., Huijbers, W., Daselaar, S. M., & Pennartz, C. M. (2010). Neural signatures of intransitive preferences. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 4. pdf

Kalenscher T., Lansink C.S., Lankelma J.V., Pennartz C.M. (2010) Reward-associated gamma oscillations in ventral striatum are regionally differentiated and modulatelocal firing activity. Journal of Neurophysiology 103:1658–1672. pdf

van der Meer MA, Kalenscher, T., Lansink, C.S., Pennartz, C. M., Berke, JD., Redish, A.D.(2010) Integrating early results on ventral striatal gamma oscillations in the rat. Frontiers in Neuroscience 4:300. pdf

van Wingerden M, Vinck M, Lankelma J, Pennartz C. M. (2010) Theta-band phase locking of orbitofrontal neurons during reward expectancy. Journal of Neuroscience 30:7078–7087. pdf


van Wingerden, M., Vinck, M., Lankelma, J. V., & Pennartz, C. M. (2010). Learning-Associated Gamma-Band Phase-Locking of Action–Outcome Selective Neurons in Orbitofrontal Cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(30), 10025-10038. pdf

Vinck, M., van Wingerden, M., Womelsdorf, T., Fries, P., Pennatz, CMA. (2010). The pairwise phase consistency: A bias-free measure of rhythmic neuronal synchronization. NeuroImage 51(1): 112-122.  pdf



Kalenscher T. (2009). Decision-making and neuroeconomics. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester


Battaglia F.P., Kalenscher T., Cabral H., Winkel J., Bos J., et al. (2009). The Lantern: An ultra-light micro-drive for multi-tetrode recordings in mice and other small animals. Journal of Neuroscience: Methods 178, 291-300. pdf



Kalenscher T, Tobler P.N. (2008). Interdisciplinary perspectives on decision making (Editorial). Cognitive Affective Behavioral Neuroscience, 8, 345-347. pdf


Tobler, P. N., Kalis, A., Kalenscher, T. (2008). The role of moral utility in decision making: an interdisciplinary framework. Cognitive Affective Behavioral Neuroscience 8(4): 390-401. pdf


Kretzschmar C, Kalenscher T, Güntürkün O, Kaernbach C (2008). Echoic memory in pigeons. Behavioral Processes, 79, 105-110. pdf


Kalenscher, T., Pennartz C.M.A (2008). Is a bird in the hand worth two in the future? The neuroeconomics of intertemporal decision-making. Progress in Neurobiology 84(3): 284-315. pdf

Kalenscher T, Tobler P.N.(2008). Comparing Risky and Inter-Temporal Decisions: Views from Psychology, Ecology and Microeconomics. In: Hoffmann KP (ed.), Psychology of Decision Making in Economics, Business and Finance, pp 111-135. New York: Nova Science Publishers



Tobler, P. N., T. Kalenscher (2007). Awfully afraid? Dissociating decision- from motor- and sensory-related brain activation during perceptual choices. Journal of Neuroscience 27(23): 6081-6082.



Kalenscher, T. (2007). Decision making: don't risk a delay. Current Biology 17(2): R58-61. Kalenscher T (2007). Choosing is feeling - the cognitive neuroscience of decision making. Lancet Neurology, 6, 26-27. pdf



Kalenscher T, Ohmann T, Windmann S, Freund N, Güntürkün O (2006). Single forebrain neurons represent interval timing and reward amount during response scheduling. European Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 2923-2931. pdf


Kalenscher T, Ohmann T, Güntürkün O (2006). The neuroscience of impulsive and self-controlled decisions. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 62, 203-211. pdf


Kalenscher T, Güntürkün O, Calabrese P, Gehlen W, Diekamp B (2005). Neural correlates of a default response in a Go-NoGo task. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 84, 521-535. pdf


Kalenscher T, Windmann S, Diekamp B, Rose J, Güntürkün O, Colombo M (2005). Single units in the pigeon brain integrate reward amount and time-to-reward in an impulsive choice task. Current Biology, 15, 594-602. pdf


Comment in: Stuphorn V (2005). Neuroeconomics: The shadow of the future. Current Biology, 15, R247-R249. pdf



Richter S, Maschke M, Timmann D, Konczak J, Kalenscher T, Illenberger AR, Kalveram KT (2004). Adaptive Behaviour of Cerebellar Patients During Exposure to Unfamiliar External Forces. Journal of Motor Behavior, 36, 28-39. pdf


Kalenscher, T., Diekamp, B., Güntürkün, O. (2003). Neural architecture of choice behaviour in a concurrent interval schedule. European Journal of Neuroscience 18(9): 2627-2637. pdf


Kalenscher, T., Kalveram, K. T., Konczak, J.(2003). Effects of two different dynamic environments on force adaptation: exposure to a new force but not the preceding force experience accounts for transition- and after-effects. Motor Control 7(3): 242-263. pdf


Keller I, Makipaa A, Kalenscher T, Kalache A (2002). Global Survey on Geriatrics in the Medical Curriculum. World Health Organization, Geneva. pdf


Before 2002

Taylor JG, Jäncke L, Shah NJ, Nösselt T, Schmitz N, Himmelbach M, Kalenscher T, Müller-Gärtner HW (1998). A Three Stage Model of Awareness: Formulation and Initial Experimental Support. Neuroreport, 9, 1787-1792. pdf


PhD Thesis Tobias Kalenscher

Decisions in the Brain: The Role of the Avian Forebrain (Nidopallium Caudolaterale) in Decision-Making

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